HomeTextsReferenceDisordersJournalTestsResearch About  Contact   
 
 

 

Psychology Biographies


 

Erik Erikson

1902-1994

 

Erik Erikson was born in Frankfurt, Germany and studied psychology under Anna Freud (Sigmund Freud's daughter) at the Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute.  He moved to the United States and became a U.S. citizen in 1939 where he taught at several major universities including Harvard, Yale, and the University of California at Berkley.

 

He is most well known for his writings on child psychology.  He developed a stage theory much like Sigmund Freud's Stages of Psychosexual development, but rather than sexual impulses, Erikson was concerned more with the social aspects of development.  He developed his theory of Psychosocial Development where he divides the human lifespan into eight stages.  Through his theories, the term 'identity crisis' was derived, as he saw each stage as having both a negative or a positive outcome, constituting a crisis at each stage of development.

 

 

 

The information provided on this site is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient, site visitor, or student and his/her existing psychologist, mental health provider or college instructor.

Copyright 1999-2003, AllPsych and Heffner Media Group, Inc., All Rights Reserved.  Last Updated November 29, 2011

  visitors since September 23, 2002