Erikson was born in Frankfurt, Germany and studied psychology
under Anna Freud (Sigmund Freud's daughter) at the Vienna
Psychoanalytic Institute. He moved to the United States
and became a U.S. citizen in 1939 where he taught at several
major universities including Harvard, Yale, and the University
of California at Berkley.
is most well known for his writings on child psychology.
He developed a stage theory much like Sigmund
of Psychosexual development, but rather than sexual
impulses, Erikson was concerned more with the social aspects
of development. He developed his theory of Psychosocial
Development where he divides the human lifespan into eight
stages. Through his theories, the term 'identity crisis'
was derived, as he saw each stage as having both a negative or
a positive outcome, constituting a crisis at each stage of
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