| F | G
| H | I
In Psychoanalytical theory, the part of the
personality which maintains a balance between our
impulses (id) and our conscience (superego).
Ellis, Albert A
cognitive Psychologist who developed the concept of
Feelings about a situation, person, or objects that
involves changes in physiological arousal and
The awareness of and ability to manage one's emotions
in a healthy and productive manner.
The transformation of information to be stored in
Subcategory of Declarative memory where information
regarding life events are stored.
relationships of diseases; theories regarding how the
specific disease or disorder began.
In research, the group of
subjects who receive the independent variable.
Research method using random assignment of subjects
and the manipulation of variables in order to
determine cause and effect.
Errors in a research study due to the predisposed
notions or beliefs of the experimenter.
Power derived through advanced knowledge or experience
in a particular subject.
Locus of Control
The belief that the environment has more
control over life circumstances than the individual
The reduction and eventual disappearance of a learned
or conditioned response after it is no longer paired
with the unconditioned stimulus-response chain.
The desire or push to perform a certain behavior based
on the potential external rewards that may be received
as a result.
A statistical technique used to determine the number
of components in a set of data. These components
are then named according to their characteristics
allowing a researcher to break down information into
Family Therapy Treatment
involving family members which seeks to change the
unhealthy familial patterns and interactions.
In Freud's theory of psychosexual development, the
failure to complete a stage successfully which results
in a continuation of that stage into later adulthood.
A schedule in which the reinforcement is presented
after a specific period of time.
A schedule in which the reinforcement is
presented after a specific number of responses.
A condition in which arousal and/or sexual
gratification is attained through inanimate objects
(shoes, pantyhose) or non-sexual body parts (feet,
hair). Is considered a problem when the object
is needed in order to obtain arousal or gratification
and the individual can not can not complete a sexual
act without this object present.
The phenomenon in memory which states that we tend to
remember information better if it is repeated.
Sigmund Dr. Freud is
often referred to as the father of clinical
psychology. His extensive theory of personality
development (psychoanalytical theory) is the
cornerstone for modern psychological thought, and
consists of (1) the psychosexual stages of
development, (2) the structural model of
personality (id, ego, superego), and (3) levels of
consciousness (conscious, subconscious, and
unconscious). See Psychoanalysis.
A behavioral technique used to treat phobias in which
the client is presented with the feared stimulus until
the associated anxiety disapears.
The part of intelligence which involves the use, as
opposed to the acquisition, of information.
Presenting information either positively or negatively
in order to change the influence is has on an
individual or group.
The psychoanalytic technique of allowing a patient to
talk without direction or input in order to analyze
current issues of the client.
The lobe at the front of the brain associated with
movement, speech, and impulsive behavior.
The feelings, thoughts, and behaviors associated with
not achieving a particular goal or the belief that a
goal has been prematurely interrupted.
The tendency to over estimate the internal attributes
of another person's actions.
The internal sense of being either male or female.
Usually congruent with biological gender, but not
always as in Gender Identity Disorder.
The accepted behaviors, thoughts, and emotions of a
specific gender based upon the views of a particular
society or culture.
The process of developing the behaviors, thoughts, and
emotions associated with a particular gender.
The tendency to associate stimuli, and therefore
respond similarly to, due to their closeness on some
variable such as size, shape, color, or meaning.
German word typically translated as meaning 'whole' or
Treatment focusing on the awareness and
understanding of one's feelings.
The tendency for members of a cohesive group to make
more extreme decisions due to the lack of opposing
Psychotherapy conducted with at least three or four
non-related individuals who are similar in some are,
such as gender, age, mental illness, or presenting
The tendency for members of a cohesive group to reach
decisions without weighing all the facts, especially
those contradicting the majority opinion.
Sense of taste.
The decrease in
response to a stimulus due to repetition (e.g., not
hearing the ticking of a clock after getting used to
False perception of reality (e.g., hearing
voices that aren't there or seeing people who do not
exist) [auditory (hearing); visual (sight);
olfactory (smell); tactile (touch); and taste]
The tendency to assign generally positive
or generally negative traits to a person after
observing one specific positive or negative trait,
The specific field in
psychology concerned with psychology’s impact on
health, physical well being, and illness.
Being attracted to
or aroused by members of the opposite gender.
See Sexual Orientation.
A rule of thumb based
on experience used to make decisions.
Maslow’s Theory of
Motivation which states that we must achieve lower
level needs, such as food, shelter, and safety before
we can achieve higher level needs, such as belonging,
esteem, and self-actualization.
Pairing a second
conditioned stimulus with the first conditioned
stimulus in order to produce a second conditioned
The tendency of the
body (and the mind) to natural gravitate toward a
state of equilibrium or balance.
hostility, hatred, or fear of homosexuals.
Being attracted to
or aroused by members of the same gender. See
A theoretical view of
human nature which stresses a positive view of human
nature and the strong belief in psychological
focused on increasing awareness of one's self concept.
A deep state of relaxation where an individual
is more susceptible to suggestions.
A trained, and often licensed, therapist who utilizes
the therapeutic technique of hypnosis as part of a
An individual, most likely unlicensed, who uses
hypnosis techniques or variations of these techniques
for a variety of reasons, including treatment and/or
prediction about the relationship between two or more
theory, the part of the personality which contains our
primitive impulses such as sex, anger, and hunger.
Misperception of reality (e.g., the illusion of a lake
in the middle of a desert).
Utilizing the mind to
create a mental representation of a sensory
contradictory behavior when describing or experiencing
an emotion (e.g., smiling when discussing something
sad; laughing when talking about the death of a loved
The variable in an
experiment that is manipulated or compared.
process in which ideas are processed from the specific
to the general.
The area or specialty
in psychology focused on the application of
psychological principles in the work force.
The understanding of
a relationship between current thoughts, feelings,
and/or behaviors and where these originated or how
they are maintained.
Locus of Control
that an individual has more control over life
circumstances than the environment does.
A behavior we are
born with and therefore does not need to be learned.
The ability to adapt
to one’s environment.
The scores achieved
on psychological tests aimed at quantifying
The motivation or
desire to do something based on the enjoyment of the
behavior itself rather than relying on or requiring
tendency to focus energy inward resulting in decreased
The smallest change
in a sensory perception that is detectable 50% of the