In Psychoanalytical theory, the part of the
personality which maintains a balance between our
impulses (id) and our conscience (superego).
thinking in the preoperational stage of cognitive
development where children believe everyone sees the
world fro the same perspective as he or she does.
psychoanalytic thought, this is the ideal or desired
behavior of the ego according to the superego.
cognitive Psychologist who developed the concept of
Feelings about a situation, person, or objects that
involves changes in physiological arousal and
The awareness of and ability to manage one's emotions
in a healthy and productive manner.
The transformation of information to be stored in
neurotransmitter involved in pain relief, and feelings
of pleasure and contentedness.
neurotransmitter involved in energy and glucose
metabolism. Too little has been associated with
Subcategory of Declarative memory where information
regarding life events are stored.
Characteristic of a scale of measurement where the individual units possess the qualities of equal intervals. The difference between each unit of measurement is exactly the same.
theory that argues a couple must see each other as
contributing and benefiting equally to the
relationship for them both to feel comfortable in the
The amount of other variables (aside from what you are measuring) that can impact the observed score
The level of accepted error within a given set of data. The greater the error level, the wider the confidence interval.
conditioning based on the idea that a behavior is more
likely to be repeated if it results in the cessation
of a negative event.
An idea about a characteristic of a population based on sample data (e.g., the sample mean IQ was 102 so we estimate that the population mean IQ is also 102)
A correlational technique used primarily for non-linear relationships. (Example, income and age are positively correlated until older age at which point the correlation reverses itself to some extent.
relationships of diseases; theories regarding how the
specific disease or disorder began.
In research, the group of
subjects who receive the independent variable.
Research method using random assignment of subjects
and the manipulation of variables in order to
determine cause and effect.
Errors in a research study due to the predisposed
notions or beliefs of the experimenter.
Power derived through advanced knowledge or experience
in a particular subject.
(After the Fact) Research
method in which the independent variable is
administered prior to the study without the
researchers control and its effects are
Locus of Control
The belief that the environment has more
control over life circumstances than the individual
The extent to which the data collected from a sample can be generalized to the entire population.
The reduction and eventual disappearance of a learned
or conditioned response after it is no longer paired
with the unconditioned stimulus-response chain.
The desire or push to perform a certain behavior based
on the potential external rewards that may be received
as a result.
style where the individual prefers outward and group
activity as opposed to inward and individual activity.