The decrease in
response to a stimulus due to repetition (e.g., not
hearing the ticking of a clock after getting used to
False perception of reality (e.g., hearing
voices that aren't there or seeing people who do not
exist) [auditory (hearing); visual (sight);
olfactory (smell); tactile (touch); and taste].
The tendency to assign generally positive
or generally negative traits to a person after
observing one specific positive or negative trait,
The phenomenon that subject behavior changes by the mere fact that they are being observed.
The specific field in
psychology concerned with psychology’s impact on
health, physical well being, and illness.
Being attracted to
or aroused by members of the opposite gender.
See Sexual Orientation.
A rule of thumb based
on experience used to make decisions.
Maslow’s Theory of
Motivation which states that we must achieve lower
level needs, such as food, shelter, and safety before
we can achieve higher level needs, such as belonging,
esteem, and self-actualization.
Pairing a second
conditioned stimulus with the first conditioned
stimulus in order to produce a second conditioned
of the limbic system. Involved more in memory,
and the transfer of information from short-term to
events that take place during a research study that
are not part of the study but have an effect on the
The tendency of the
body (and the mind) to natural gravitate toward a
state of equilibrium or balance.
hostility, hatred, or fear of homosexuals.
Being attracted to
or aroused by members of the same gender. See
A theoretical view of
human nature which stresses a positive view of human
nature and the strong belief in psychological
focused on increasing awareness of one's self concept.
A deep state of relaxation where an individual
is more susceptible to suggestions.
A trained, and often licensed, therapist who utilizes
the therapeutic technique of hypnosis as part of a
An individual, most likely unlicensed, who uses
hypnosis techniques or variations of these techniques
for a variety of reasons, including treatment and/or
part of the brain that controls the autonomic nervous
system, and therefore maintains the body’s
homeostasis (controls body temperature, metabolism,
and appetite. Also translates extreme emotions into
prediction about the relationship between two or more