1: Introduction to Cognitive Theory
2: George Kelly and the Fundamental Postulate
3: Albert Ellis and the A-B-C's
4: Application of Cognitive Theory
Think therefore I have a Personality
you believe the saying 'Perception is everything,'
then you may well be a cognitivist. Cognitive
theory is focused on the individual's thoughts as
the determinate of his or her emotions and behaviors
and therefore personality. Many cognitive
theorists believe that without these thought
processes, we could have no emotions and no behavior
and would therefore not function. In other
words, thoughts always come before any feeling and
before any action.
theory was popular for thousands of years, second
only to mythology in explaining personality.
In the early 1900's, Psychoanalysis gained in both
popularity and criticism. By the 50's,
Behavioral thought ruled contemporary psychology,
ousted by the growing interest in Humanistic thought
in the 60's and 70's. Knowing this, you could
say that Cognitive theory became king in the 80's
and 90's. Many self-help books have been
written from the cognitive perspective, each telling
us various ways to change the way we think about
ourselves and the world.
changing our thoughts, they wrote, we can change our
mood, decrease our anxiety, or improve our
relationships. We can quit smoking, make more
friends, and enjoy our jobs more. The basic
premise: If we perceive the glass as half full
rather than half empty, the world will look much
brighter; In a brighter world, we are happier
chapter discusses the major cognitive theories as
well as some of the major research and techniques in
the area of cognitive therapy.