process of research can be painstakingly time
can involve the overcoming of many obstacles and may
unfortunately need to be revised several times as
you progress through the steps.
By completing your study in the correct order
and making sure you dont forget important tasks,
your progression from theory to publication will
occur much more smoothly.
For this reason, most graduate programs
require that you work under the supervision of an
experienced researcher for a number of years before
beginning your own independent study.
The final project in any Ph.D. program will
be a dissertation, which is a culmination of your
knowledge in the subject matter and your ability to
do research that adds to the knowledge base in your
book will look at each of the areas discussed in
this chapter in more detail and provide an overview
of research methods.
The goal is to give you a solid understanding
of the different types of research, ideas for
completing your own research, and a method for
avoiding a tragic ending to a graduate career.
Studies have shown that a large percentage of
doctoral students complete their coursework but
leave school prior to completing the required
reasons include running out of time, failing to
progress in a logical order, becoming discouraged
with obstacles, and simply fearing the research
having a solid understanding of research methods and
statistical inference, your chances of completing a
research project are greatly enhanced.
Remember that nobody knows everything about
doing research and that asking questions and getting
advice along the way is not only accepted, it is
Look at research as a global phenomenon and
prepare for the whole gestalt of your project but
always make sure you are proceeding in a logical and
If you work hard and work smart, youll
soon be published and will be adding to the
knowledge base in your specialty area.
Once published, you are considered an expert
and your research may someday appear in a college
textbook or as a resource in someone elses
this text is designed to focus on the methods of
research, a basic understanding of statistics is
a refresher, however, and to better critique the
results section of a research report, a discussion
of descriptive and inferential statistics is
included. During the course of reading this text, it may be wise to
refer to these sections to clarify any statistical
information presented in earlier chapters.
By the end of this text, you should have a
solid understanding of research methods and be able
to intelligently analyze and critique a research